Sunday, November 29, 2009

OBEDIENCE - Stanley Milgram Experiment (1965)

Dokumentarac o čuvenom eksperimentu koji je sproveo psiholog Yale univerziteta Stanley Milgram, a čije ste kratke delove zasigurno videli po mnogim dokumentarcima na ovim našim kablovskim kanalima, posebno kad su u pitanju bili radovi o Nirnberškom procesu, i ona čuvena izjava jednog od optuženih nacista da je samo izvršavao naređenja kada je ubijao Jevreje. E ovde se upravo o tome radi, o slepoj poslušnosti, kakva kod nas npr. postoji u vojsci, poljiciji, političkim strankama, i po nekim privatnim firmama, samo ovaj put ćete imati priliku da vidite eksperiment u celini celosti. Ostatak čitaj na engleskom. (44 min)


"Black-and-white documentary of the experiment, shot by Milgram himself. The Milgram experiment was a seminal series of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram, which measured the willingness of study participants to obey an authority figure who instructed them to perform acts that conflicted with their personal conscience. The legal and philosophic aspects of obedience are of enormous importance, but they say very little about how most people behave in concrete situations. I set up a simple experiment at Yale University to test how much pain an ordinary citizen would inflict on another person simply because he was ordered to by an experimental scientist. Stark authority was pitted against the subjects' [participants'] strongest moral imperatives against hurting others, and, with the subjects' [participants'] ears ringing with the screams of the victims, authority won more often than not. The extreme willingness of adults to go to almost any lengths on the command of an authority constitutes the chief finding of the study and the fact most urgently demanding explanation. Ordinary people, simply doing their jobs, and without any particular hostility on their part, can become agents in a terrible destructive process. Moreover, even when the destructive effects of their work become patently clear, and they are asked to carry out actions incompatible with fundamental standards of morality, relatively few people have the resources needed to resist authority."

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